Creating a permaculture garden - step by step instructions

Permakultur Garten anlegen - Schritt für Schritt Anleitung

After we have already given you a brief insight into the world of permaculture gardening in this article " How to create a permaculture garden? A comprehensive guide for beginners ", we would like to delve deeper here so that you can start straight away with your personal garden project .
A functional permaculture garden requires several steps, starting with thorough planning.

It is crucial to carefully monitor local conditions and consider how best to exploit them. Plant species that already exist in the garden should be taken into account and external influences such as wind, weather and sunlight should be taken into account.

Based on these observations, the suitable plants for cultivation can be determined and their requirements can be recorded in the cultivation plan. The six zones of permaculture garden culture provide information about the different elements of the garden areas.

1. Planning
2. Creating a plant list
3. Planting the beds
4. Equipping the herbal spiral
5. Integration of permaculture culture systems in the greenhouse


With this knowledge, you can begin to add initial structures such as beds, wild areas and greenhouses to the undeveloped area.
The most high-maintenance crops should be placed closer to your home or garden shed, with the effort decreasing the further away you go. It is important to create sufficient habitat for animals and microorganisms and to leave the existing garden structure largely unchanged.

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Planning the permaculture garden

The foundation of a functioning permaculture garden is the planting plan and cultivation pattern according to the different garden zones.
The selection of plants should correspond to local climatic and soil conditions. A mixed culture of selected plant species supports each other and promotes growth.

When creating the beds, care must be taken to ensure that plants with different growth strategies can grow next to each other without conflict. Companion plants for vegetable cultivation fulfill natural fertilization and protective functions. Trees and shrubs help save water by creating shade and provide additional nutrients through dead plant parts.

The ground should never be uncovered, but should be naturally covered with grasses, herbs or ground cover.

The zone structuring in the permaculture garden defines the workload for the individual areas:


1. Zone 0: The main place of residence in the garden, near the house or apartment.

  • Zone 0 is the heart of the permaculture garden and is located in
    close proximity to the living area.
  • Areas are created here that are often used by people, such as
    Terraces, seating, barbecue areas or even a garden house.

  • The planning and organization of the garden begins in this zone as it is called
    serves as a central starting point and provides access to the other zones
    relieved.

  • In addition to the living areas, compost heaps,
    Rainwater collection systems and tool storage located in this zone
    become.

  • In this zone, herbs and kitchen plants can be grown in small pots or
    Raised beds can be grown to make them quick and convenient for everyday use
    use to achieve.

  • Berry bushes such as strawberries or smaller fruit trees such as dwarf apple trees can also be planted in containers to create a decorative yet useful area.


2. Zone 1: Location for high-maintenance plants that should be quickly accessible.

  • Zone 1 is in the immediate vicinity of the house or apartment and includes
    Areas requiring regular attention and care.

  • Herb gardens, raised beds or small vegetable patches are often created here to enable quick harvesting and easy management.

  • Plants in this zone are often culinary herbs, salads, kitchen plants and vegetables commonly used in cooking.

  • Herb gardens with a variety of culinary herbs such as parsley, chives, basil and mint can be created here.

  • Small vegetable beds are suitable for growing lettuce, radishes, arugula, spinach and other fast-growing vegetables that can be harvested regularly.

  • Some fruit trees such as dwarf pears or dwarf cherries can also be planted in this zone to provide an early harvest.

  • Paths and paths lead through this zone and make access to the care areas easier.


3. Zone 2: Area for less intensive care, including vegetable beds and greenhouses.

  • Zone 2 extends a little further from the house and includes larger vegetable patches, orchards and greenhouses.

  • Plants in this zone require less frequent care and can take up larger areas.

  • Vegetables such as potatoes, pumpkins, tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, and fruit trees are grown here, which require more space and require a certain amount of care.

  • Orchards with fruit trees such as apples, pears, plums and cherries are also typical of Zone 2.

  • Greenhouses can be used to grow more delicate crops such as peppers, eggplants, cucumbers and tomatoes and extend the harvest season.


4. Zone 3: Extensive beds for growing crops with minimal maintenance.

  • Zone 3 consists of extensive beds where crops are grown that require infrequent care.

  • Plants such as potatoes, pumpkins, legumes and grains are grown and harvested in large quantities here.

  • It also allows crops to be grown that require minimal care and can be harvested in large quantities, such as corn and legumes.

  • Grains such as wheat, oats, rye and barley can also be grown in this zone to enable self-sufficiency in grain products.

  • This zone requires minimal labor as the plants are largely left to their own devices and require only occasional care.


5. Zone 4: Meadows, fruit and nut trees and wildflowers.

  • Zone 4 includes larger areas with extensive crops, such as meadows, fruit and nut trees and wildflower meadows.

  • Plants are grown here that rarely require care and require little attention.

  • This zone is ideal for extensive cultivation such as meadows where grasses and herbs can be grown for animal feed or as green manure.

  • Fruit and nut trees such as walnuts, hazelnuts, plums and apples can be planted in this zone to provide long-term harvesting.

  • This zone provides habitat for a variety of plants and animals and contributes to biodiversity in the garden.

  • Wildflower meadows can help promote biodiversity and provide habitat for bees, butterflies and other pollinating insects.


6. Zone 5: Wilderness zone to promote ecological balance and biodiversity.

  • Zone 5 is largely left to its own devices and serves as a refuge for nature to create a refuge for wild animals, birds, insects and plants. No specific crops are grown, but natural processes and biodiversity are promoted by leaving the space undisturbed.

  • This zone is important for maintaining ecological balance and provides habitat for a variety of plants and animals that might otherwise be at risk.

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Creating a plant list for the permaculture garden

Permaculture Plant List Boxio

A mixed culture of suitable plant species is essential for a functioning permaculture garden
decisive. When creating the plant list, care must be taken to ensure an even distribution of fruit, vegetable and herb plants. These support each other and contribute to soil fertility and protection against pests. In addition, hedges and bushes offer protection from environmental influences.


Zone 0 (main location):

  • Herbs: parsley, chives, basil, mint, rosemary, thyme, oregano
  • Berry bushes: strawberries, raspberries, currants


2. Zone 1 (care-intensive plants):

  • Vegetables: radishes, rocket, spinach, leeks, kohlrabi, lettuce, carrots, celery
  • Small types of fruit: strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, dwarf fruits (e.g. dwarf pears, dwarf cherries)
  • Herbs: dill, coriander, lovage


3. Zone 2 (vegetable patches and orchards):

  • Vegetables: tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, peppers, eggplant, broccoli, cauliflower, fennel
  • Fruit: apples, pears, plums, cherries, peaches, apricots
  • Herbs: marjoram, sage, tarragon, lavender


4. Zone 3 (extensive beds):

  • Vegetables: potatoes, pumpkins, corn, beans, peas, onions, garlic
  • Grains: wheat, rye, barley, oats
  • Legumes: lentils, chickpeas
  • Root vegetables: parsnips, beetroot, salsify


5. Zone 4 (meadows and fruit trees):

  • Grasses: Meadow fescue, timothy, cocksfoot
  • Herbs: meadow sage, cow parsley, meadowfoam
  • Fruit trees: walnuts, hazelnuts, mirabelle plums, quinces, plums


6. Zone 5 (Wilderness Zone):

  • Natural vegetation: wildflowers, grasses, shrubs, trees (depending on location and natural environment)


Planting the beds in the permaculture garden

When creating beds in a permaculture garden, it is important to have a variety of plant species
take into account. Unnecessary design elements such as boundaries and paths can be removed
Ground cover should be replaced. The ground is not dug up, but remains untouched in order to do so
Maintain balance of microorganisms and nutrients. Harvested plant residues serve as
Mulch and preserve moisture in the soil.

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Equipping the herb spiral in the permaculture garden

Permaculture herbal spiral Boxio

Equipping the herb spiral in the permaculture garden is a creative and effective way to grow a variety of herb plants and create optimal growing conditions. The spiral is a central element of permaculture that is not only aesthetically pleasing but also offers practical benefits.

The herb spiral consists of natural stones or other materials stacked on top of each other and forms a spiral structure that winds upwards. This construction method creates different climate zones, which make it possible to plant herbs with different requirements for light, moisture and soil quality.


At the top of the herb spiral, where the sun's rays are most intense, Mediterranean herbs such as thyme, rosemary and sage, which prefer dry and sunny conditions, grow. In the middle areas, where it is a little cooler and more humid, herbs such as parsley, peppermint and chives feel at home.

At the base of the spiral, where the pond is located and the humidity is highest, can
Moisture-loving herbs such as watercress and mint can be planted.

The pond at the foot of the herb spiral helps create a balanced ecosystem by providing habitat for various aquatic plants, amphibians and insects.

It also serves as a water source for the surrounding herbs and provides natural irrigation.

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Integration of permaculture culture systems in the greenhouse

Permaculture winter garden construction Boxio The

Greenhouse plays a versatile role in permaculture garden culture that goes far beyond
beyond simple plant cultivation. It serves multiple functions in the garden's ecological system and helps create a balanced ecosystem.


First and foremost, the greenhouse provides a protected space in which plants that are hardy or can tolerate low temperatures can thrive even during the cold season. These plants can therefore be grown outdoors for a longer period of time, extending the growing season and increasing crop yields.


In addition, keeping animals in a greenhouse allows for another level of
Self-regulation in the garden cycle. The presence of animals such as chickens or rabbits means that organic materials such as plant residues and animal excretions can be recycled directly on site. These are broken down by microorganisms and serve as natural fertilizer for the plants in the greenhouse. This closes the nutrient cycle and contributes to soil fertility.

Another advantage of the greenhouse is the early start to the growth phase in spring. The protected environment and ability to control temperature allows crops to be planted earlier in the year, resulting in an earlier harvest time and therefore increasing overall crop yields.

When it comes to intercropping in the permaculture garden, the careful selection and combination of plants is crucial to the success of the system. A harmonious community of plant species can help minimize disadvantages and complement each other. Therefore, it is important to consider the characteristics and needs of each plant and plan a balanced plant community.


We hope you found this deeper dive into creating a permaculture garden helpful
I hope you enjoy investing and planning. If you would like to find out more about gardens and their different uses, we recommend that you take a look here.

Design or create a new garden - the most beautiful ideas at a glance here

Your Boxio team

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